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Archive for the ‘Medicine’ Category

By Kamal El-Mekki.

The Messenger of Allah (may Allah bless him and grant him peace) addressed his companions on the last day of Sha`ban, saying, “Oh people! A great month has come over you; a blessed month; a month in which is a night better than a thousand months; month in which Allah has made it compulsory upon you to fast by day, and voluntary to pray by night. Whoever draws nearer (to Allah) by performing any of the (optional) good deeds in (this month) shall receive the same reward as performing an obligatory deed at any other time, and whoever discharges an obligatory deed in (this month) shall receive the reward of performing seventy obligations at any other time. It is the month of patience, and the reward of patience is Heaven. It is the month of charity, and a month in which a believer’s sustenance is increased. Whoever gives food to a fasting person to break his fast, shall have his sins forgiven, and he will be saved from the Fire of Hell, and he shall have the same reward as the fasting person, without his reward being diminished at all.” [Narrated by Ibn Khuzaymah]

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Published by Macmillan Reference USA

The reference literature for Islam has long consisted of either a densely academic, multivolume encyclopedia or several, often specialized, single-volume works with brief definitions. Happily, there is now a reference work falling between these two extremes. The Encyclopedia of Islam and the Muslim World is a scholarly work “about Islamic cultures, religion, history, politics, and the like as well as the people who have identified with Islam over the past fourteen centuries.”

A team of international scholars is responsible for the 515 entries, which are arranged alphabetically and range from 200 to 5,000 words in length. Many include some sort of illustration and end with helpful see also references and excellent supplemental bibliographies. A useful index completes the set. Coverage includes the religious dimensions of Islam as well as the development of the tradition in various parts of the world (e.g., Africa, South Asia, U.S.). Cultural issues of importance to the history of Islam (e.g., architecture, calligraphy, language) are also treated. Entries such as Political organization and Political thought demonstrate the historical completeness for which the encyclopedia strives, tracing developments from the life of the Prophet to the present day. Even topics of contemporary interest include a historical perspective. The entry for Jihad describes the many meanings of the term, including its contemporary association with violence, and how the concept has developed historically. The treatment of secularization in the Muslim world includes a comparison to historical events in the West, thereby helping the reader to understand that it cannot be understood solely from a Western perspective. Finally, the biographical entries include important figures from the religious, cultural, and political history of the Muslim world.

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Saudi Gazette – 05 September, 2008

Princess Al-Jawhara Bint Fahd Al-Saud, rector of the Riyadh University for Girls, said the foundation stone for the new University City north of Riyadh will be laid soon under the patronage of the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques King Abdullah, Al-Riyadh reported.

Princess Al-Jawhara said that the university will house three health colleges, namely the College of Nursing, the College of Pharmacology and the College of Physiotherapy as well as the College of Administrative Sciences, the Computer and Technology College, the Kindergarten College, the College of Science and the College of Languages and Translation.

The University’s plan was based on the Kingdom’s strategic plan for the coming ten years and a survey to gauge the suitability of the new colleges for the Riyadh community.

Princess Al-Jawhara said that the current colleges would be designed to match the needs of the job market. A college for Home Economics and another for Design and Art will also be created.

King Abdullah dedicated 8 million square meters to the University.
The land was originally part of plans for the Ministry of Defense and Aviation in the northern part of Riyadh.

Princess Al-Jawhara added that the Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques will provide full financial and moral support to the project.

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This three-part series covers more than a thousand years of Islamic history and culture, with emphasis on the contributions that Muslims have made in science, medicine, art, philosophy, learning, and trade.

The first one-hour segment (“The Messenger”) introduces the story of the rise of Islam, and the extraordinary life of the Prophet Muhammad. It covers the revelation of the Qur’an, the persecution suffered by the early Muslims, the first mosques, and then the rapid expansion of Islam.

The second segment (“The Awakening”) examines the growth of Islam into a world civilization. Through trade and learning, the Islamic influence extended further. Muslims made great achievements in architecture, medicine, and science, influencing the intellectual development of the West. This episode also explores the story of the Crusades (including stunning reenactments filmed in Iran), and ends with the invasion of Islamic lands by the Mongols.

The final segment (“The Ottomans”) looks at the dramatic rise and fall of the Ottoman empire.

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High levels of a male sex hormone in foetuses are linked to a higher chance of developing autistic traits in childhood, scientists say.

The findings come from an eight-year study relating the development of 253 children to levels of testosterone they were exposed to in the womb.

The scientists said it was unclear whether the hormone was causing the traits or was a by-product of them.

The research was presented at the BA Festival of Science in York.

The research team, from the University of Cambridge, looked at levels of foetal testosterone in the womb by examining samples taken from women undergoing amniocentesis for clinical reasons.

The children were then followed during their development.

At 12 months, 18 months and 46 months, the scientists used tests to spot autism-like traits, such as counting how often a child looked at its mother’s face or how large its vocabulary was.

At these early stages, the team found a link between the traits and higher foetal testosterone levels.

But the scientists’ latest research results came from a study undertaken when the children were eight years old.

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Скачать книгу «Ребенок и уход за ним»

Бенджамин Маклейн Спок (2 мая 1903, Нью-Хейвен, Коннектикут — 15 марта 1998, Сан-Диего, Калифорния) — известный американский педиатр, чья книга «Ребенок и уход за ним», изданная в 1946, является одним из крупнейших бестселлеров в истории США. Его революционным призывом к родителям был «вы знаете гораздо больше, чем вам кажется». Спок был первым педиатром, изучавшим психоанализ с целью попытки понимания нужд детей в рамках развития семейных отношений. Его идеи о воспитании детей повлияли на несколько поколений родителей, сделав их более гибкими и нежными по отношению к своим детям, заставив их относиться к своим детям, как к личностям, в то время как общепринятым мнением было то, что воспитание ребенка должно быть сфокусировано на выработке дисциплины и так далее, например, детей не нужно «баловать» укачиванием, если они начинают плакать.

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