Archive for October 14th, 2007

Five Pillars of Islam

Islam is built on five pillars. These acts are obligatory on every Muslim adult. Some are done daily, monthly, anually, while one is only required once in a lifetime.

1. Shahadah (Arabic: الشهادة; “to testify) – Declaration of Faith

To do this, one must simply state publicly “Ash-hadu alla ilaha illa Allahu, wa ash-hadu anna Mohammadan abduhu wa rasuluhu”. This means, “I bear witness that there is no God other than Allah (s.w.t*), and I bear witness that Muhammed (s.a.w**) is His messanger.”

It should be a genuine belief from one’s heart. The witnessing of the Oneness of Allah (s.w.t) is the rejection of any form of deity other than Allah (s.w.t), and the witnessing that Muhammad (s.a.w) is His Messenger is the acceptance of him being chosen by Allah (s.w.t) to convey His message of Islam to all humanity and to deliver it from the darkness of ignorance into the light of belief in, and knowledge of, the Creator.

2. Salat (Arabic: صلاة, Qur’anic Arabic: صلوة) – Prayer

In prayer, every muscle and bone of the body joins the soul and the mind in the worship and glory of Allah (s.w.t).

Offering of prayers is obligatory upon every Muslim who is sane, mature and in the case of women free from period and confinement due to child birth. Some requirements must be met in oreder for the prayer to be valid. These include but are not limited to:

– Performing wudu (Arabic: الوضوء; “partial ablution”) – ritually cleaning the body clothes and ground used for prayer.

Clothing – one must be covered in the manner according to his gender.

– Facing the Ka’ba (Arabic: الكعبة; “The Primordial House”), (refered to as the Qibla)

– Intention – merely saying in your mind that you are attempting to pray and gain the benifits from it.


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